Sunday, December 7, 2008

Oppana ഒപ്പന

Oppana is a dance form and a performing art practiced by the Muslim women in the Malabar region of Kerala, especially the districts of Canaonore, Calicut and Malappuram. It is believed that the word Oppana derives its origin from the word Afna (Arabic). It is performed to commemorate the nuptial celebrations of the bride and is part of the wedding festivities. It is a famed form of social entertainment. Maidens and the female relatives of the bride sing and dance clapping their hands.

The bride is decked in finery and intricate ornaments and seated in the middle on a high seat called the peetam. The bride’s friends and other young ladies clap their hands rhythmically to the beat of the song and dance around her. There are about 15 performers including the musicians. The dance is not vigorous and the steps are simple and movements graceful. Sometimes a type of Oppana called Oppana Chayal is performed that does not involve the clapping of hands. The other type of Oppana is Oppana Murukkam.

The songs sung are called Mappilapattu and are sung firstly by the leader and the remaining women lend the chorus. Two or three girls lead the dance and the rest soon join in. The songs’ themes are usually teasing comments and insinuations to the marital bliss and the shy bride’s emotions. The language is a combination of Arabic & Malayalam.

In some households the men also perform the Oppana for the groom’s entertainment. In these cases it is performed before leaving for the bride’s place. It is there that the wedding (Nikkah) is performed. In some cases the men also perform the Oppana as the groom enters the Maniyara (Bridal Chamber). The instruments played along are the Harmonium, Ganjira, Tabla and Elathaalam.

The Oppana is performed as a stage item nowadays.

Mappila Pattukal

Mappila Pattukal are the folk songs of the Muslim community of Kerala. The tradition of Mappila Pattukal is believed to be more than 700 years old. These songs reflect the day-to-day life of the community.

Arabic and Malayalam language are fused together in these songs. It is sung during rituals and occasions like marriage and are often accompanied with dances. Love, heroism and devotion to God are the basic sentiments that are expressed.

Earlier songs were mostly of devotional nature. They were highly imaginative and down to earth. With the advance of time, new styles were added to it.

Saturday, December 6, 2008

Mappila Pattu Singer Saleem Kodathur

Mappila Pattu Singer Saleem Kodathur

Saleem Kodathur - The real life - part 1 of 2

Saleem Kodathur - The real life - part 2 of 2